Drama theatre is a collaborative form of fine art, a synthesis of various art forms – dramaturgy, directing, performing arts, set design, art, drama, music, organization of the stage space. The artistic image and impression is created by the means of speech and gesture, dance and body sculpture. Through dramatic theater designed for children the tales and fairy stories reach the child audience in a more complete, attractive and interesting way.
The expressive and fine body language, the gestures, facial expressions, plastic arts and music strongly affect the children. Through dramatic theater the child-spectator feels that it is “immersed” in the story, in its mind has shaped the author’s idea about the characters and their actions, seen through the eyes of a teacher-director. (…)
As a version of dramatic theater, the pantomime is a theatrical performance in which the artistic image is constructed without words – by facial expression, gestures and movements. The pantomime classes build plasticity, rhythm, coordination. With various creative tasks the pantomime develops the locomotor culture of children and enriches their imagination by giving them the freedom to be themselves, to express themselves, teaches them how to speak without words but to say much. With pantomime children can have fun while developing valuable social and communication skills. The fine body language, gestures and facial expressions allow children to emulate, to present characters to depict actions, moods and emotions. With sculpture and music, they “narrate” stories.
The drama theatre method accomplished at schools, kindergartens or libraries allows interactive theatre techniques to be used. These techniques help children, regardless of their age or individual skills, by giving opportunities to become directly involved into the story and the performance, provoke their personal development, and encourage positive inclusion in the life of the group/class. It breaks the traditional form of training by creating a new one that relies on the dialogue and direct communication with the participants and presents one easily accessible and memorable story. In that way the educational process becomes more effective, the didactic purposes are reached at a higher extent.
Drama techniques are universal – they can be applied in different scenarios, improvised by the participants themselves, plays or pre-written scripts. The used instruments are distinctive, inherent in the very drama-activity – character roles, paintings, stage materials, theatre costumes.
In the video, “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” is played.